Species Factsheet

Cervus nippon


Complete name: Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838
Taxonomy: Mammalia » Chordata » Mammalia » Artiodactyla » Cervidae » Cervus nippon
Authors: Piero Genovesi and Rory Putman
Last updated: October 31st, 2006

Common Names

Sika deer, Japanese deer.


Cervus nippon

Short Description

Small to medium-sized deer. Adult males are larger than females (weight: females 25-45 kg, males 40-110; height at shoulder 950-1400 cm). Relatively simple antlers. Summer coat is chestnut or fawn, marked with distinct white spots. The most distinctive characteristic is a white caudal patch outlined in black. Young are spotted. These herbivores mainly feed on foliage, forbs, twigs, mast and many grass species, switching from grazing to browsing depending on the local situation.